How to make an HTTP request?

JavaScript is a flexible and potent programming language that gives programmers the ability to communicate with online APIs and retrieve data through HTTP requests from distant servers. JavaScript offers a simple way to make HTTP queries, whether you want to obtain data, change information, or transmit data to a server. We will look at several JavaScript methods and approaches for making HTTP requests in this blog.

The core of Internet data exchange is HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol). It makes it possible for clients (like web browsers) and servers to exchange resources including text, pictures, and multimedia. HTTP controls the retrieval and presentation of online pages using a request-response mechanism, enabling smooth browsing for users anywhere.

There are the following Techniques to perform HTTP requests in javascript

  1. XMLHttpRequest (XHR) 

Making asynchronous HTTP requests in JavaScript has traditionally been done using the XMLHttpRequest (XHR) object. Despite being an older method, it is still frequently used and supported in contemporary browsers. Here examples are given below.

let xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();'GET', '', true); xhr.onreadystatechange = function() { if (xhr.readyState === 4 && xhr.status === 200) { let data = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText); // Process the data here } }; xhr.send();
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

2. Fetch API

The JavaScript Fetch API offers a more advanced and adaptable method of sending HTTP requests. It gives back a Promise that resolves to the Response object signifying the fulfillment of the request.

// Example API endpoint URL const apiUrl = ''; // Making a GET request using Fetch API fetch(apiUrl) .then(response => { if (!response.ok) { throw new Error('Network response was not ok'); } return response.json(); }) .then(data => { // Process the data returned from the API console.log(data); }) .catch(error => { // Handle any type of errors that occurred during the request console.error('Error:', error); });
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

In this illustration, a GET request is sent to the apiUrl using the retrieve() method. Then, to handle the successful response,.then() is chained with the Promise provided by get(). We raise an error that will be caught by the.catch() block if the response status is unsuccessful (for example, 404 Not Found or 500 Internal Server Error). If the request is accepted, we use response.json() to parse the JSON data and log it to the console.

Keep in mind that while the Fetch API is supported by newer browsers, older ones might need polyfills.

3. Axios

Axios is a well-liked third-party library for sending JavaScript HTTP requests. Complex queries, resolving errors, and applying data transformations are some of its most advantageous uses.

You must include Axios into your project in order to utilize it (for example, via a CDN or package management like npm or yarn). Here example.

axios.get('') .then(response => { var data =; // Process the data here }) .catch(error => { // Handle any errors });
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

4. POST Request

When updating or adding resources, HTTP POST requests are used to transmit data to a server. Here is how you use Axios to send a POST request.

let newData = { name: 'John Doe', email: '' };'', newData) .then(response => { // Handle the response from the server }) .catch(error => { // Handle any errors });
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

5. Handling Headers

You might occasionally need to provide headers in your HTTP queries (like for authorization). With most libraries, including Axios, you can accomplish this.

let config = { headers: { 'Authorization': 'Bearer your-access-token' } }; axios.get('', config) .then(response => { // Process the response }) .catch(error => { // Handle any errors });
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)


JavaScript’s ability to make HTTP requests is a fundamental skill for web developers. Each approach has its own benefits, whether you use the conventional XMLHttpRequest, the cutting-edge Fetch API, or a package like Axios. When using APIs, keep in mind to gracefully handle failures and add required headers. You can develop dynamic, interactive web apps that properly communicate with servers and offer consumers a smooth experience if you have a firm grasp of HTTP requests. Coding is fun!




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