What are Compositions?
Compositions involve chaining multiple functions together to create a new function. This enables you to break down complex tasks into smaller, manageable steps. By composing functions, you can build a pipeline of operations where the output of one function serves as the input to the next. This approach not only enhances code organization but also encourages the reuse of individual functions across different contexts.
Example 1: String Manipulation
Suppose you want to transform a string into an acronym, capitalize it, and then add an exclamation mark. Instead of writing a single function for this, you can compose smaller functions:
Example 2: Data Transformation
Suppose you have an array of numbers and want to filter out even numbers, double the remaining values, and then calculate their sum:
const filterEven = (arr) => arr.filter(num => num % 2 !== 0); const doubleValues = (arr) => arr.map(num => num * 2); const calculateSum = (arr) => arr.reduce((acc, num) => acc + num, 0); const processNumbers = compose(calculateSum, doubleValues, filterEven); const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]; const result = processNumbers(numbers); console.log(result); // Output: 90
Integrating Dependency Injection with Compositions
- Flexible Component Assembly: By injecting dependencies into functions that are part of compositions, you can easily swap out components or services. For instance, a composition that processes user data could utilize different data sources based on the injected dependency, allowing seamless integration of APIs, databases, or mock data for testing.
- Isolated Testing: Dependency Injection enables you to replace real dependencies with mock or stub implementations during testing. When combined with compositions, this allows you to test each function in isolation, ensuring they work correctly before being composed together.
- Enhanced Readability and Debugging: Separating concerns through Dependency Injection and composing functions can lead to more readable and maintainable code. When a function performs a single task and relies on injected dependencies, it’s easier to reason about its behavior. Debugging also becomes more straightforward as you can isolate and test individual components.
Example: Composing User Authentication
Consider a scenario where you’re building a user authentication system. You can compose functions responsible for input validation, user lookup, and password hashing. By injecting a data source dependency, you can switch between local storage, APIs, or databases without modifying the core logic.
const validateInput = (input) => /* validation logic */; const getUser = (userId, dataSource) => /* user lookup */; const hashPassword = (password) => /* hashing logic */; const authenticateUser = compose(hashPassword, getUser, validateInput); // Dependency Injection const dataSource = new APIDataSource(); // or MockDataSource for testing const userAuthentication = userId => authenticateUser(userId, dataSource);